Nptel Artificial Intelligence : Search Methods For Problem Solving Week 1 : Assignment Solution

1. "I think that tastes, odors, colors, and so on are no more than mere names so far as the object in which we locate them are concerned, and that they reside in consciousness. Hence if the living creature were removed, all these qualities would be wiped away and annihilated". Who said it?

 Alan Turing

 Blaise Pascal

 Galileo Galilei

 Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz

2.Who first said that reasoning is manipulation of symbols, reasoning is computation?

 Galileo Galilei

 Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz

 John McCarthy

 Thomas Hobbes

3.Who said the following? - “Thoughts themselves are symbolic representations”

 Galileo Galilei

 Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz

 John McCarthy

 Rene Descartes

4.Who invented the Stepped Drum in 1673, which was used until the mid-1970s?

 Alan Turing

 Blaise Pascal

 Galileo Galilei

 Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz

5.Augusta Ada Byron ____________ .

 is also known as Ada Lovelace

 was a mathematician

 is often referred to as the “first programmer”

 has a programming language named after her, called ADA

6.Alan Turing ____________ .

 said that the question whether machines can think is itself “too meaningless”

 proposed a method to test a machine's ability to exhibit intelligent behaviour equivalent to, or indistinguishable from, that of a human. He called it “imitation game” and now it is called “Turing Test”

 coined the term “Artificial Intelligence”

 wrote the first checkers playing program

7.The “Universal Grammar” is ______________________

 a grammar that describes the structure of the universe

 a theory by Chomsky that says: all humans are born with an inbuilt grammar

 a worldwide standard for English grammar

 a grammar to describe the images from the James Webb telescope

8.The “Logic Theorist” is ____________________

 a computer program to find proofs

 a mathematician who works on Logic

 a program designed by Herbert Simon and Alan Newell

 a logic based chess player

9.Which of the following statements is/are true about “Physical Symbol System Hypothesis”?

 A physical symbol system understands the laws of physics.

 It is an approach to AI, based on the assumption that all aspects of intelligence can be achieved by the manipulation of symbols.

 It was proposed by Allen Newell and Herbert Simon.

 The three laws of robotics were especially devised for physical symbol systems.

10.What is true of the first checkers program written in 1952 by Arthur Samuel?

 It was written in Java SE 17 programming language

 It improved as it played more and more games

 It eventually beat its creators in the game of checkers

 It evolved to a point of devising new board games (like snakes and ladders, etc.)

11._________ was the first general-purpose mobile robot to move around autonomously.

 Blue Gene




12.Which of the following were devised to test whether a machine is intelligent? Select the correct answers.

 Rorschach Test

 Loebner Prize

 Turing Test

 Winograd Schemas

13.Which of the following AI agents first demonstrated that machines can beat the very best humans at chess?

 Blue Gene

 Chess Machine

 Deep Blue

 Deep Thought

14.As discussed in the “Artificial Intelligence: Search Methods for Problem Solving - Prologue”, this course is about

 Problem solving

 Model Based Reasoning

 Experience Based Reasoning

 Memory Based Reasoning

15.Jack informed Dan that his flight was cancelled. Whose flight was cancelled?

 Jack’s flight

 Dan’s flight

 Cannot say

16.Jack informed Maya that his flight was cancelled. Whose flight was cancelled?

 Jack’s flight

 Maya’s flight

 Cannot say

17.The dog chased the cat, which ran up a tree. It waited at the top. Who does “It” refer to?

 The dog

 The cat

 Cannot say

18.The dog chased the cat, which ran up a tree. It waited at the bottom. Who does “It” refer to?

 The dog

 The cat

 Cannot say

19.After Pascal's death Leibniz started to work on his calculator. Who’s calculator?

 Leibniz’s calculator

 Pascal’s calculator

 Cannot say

20.The above five questions involve anaphora resolution. For a computer program to answer the above five questions correctly it would

 need to be able to search over the internet for similar sentences.

 need a lot of common-sense knowledge about the world.

 need to understand the semantics of gender when talking about people and languages (in many Indian languages nouns and verbs have gender associated with them).

 need to be able to use data science effectively.

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